|Operated by||National Express West Midlands|
|Vehicle||Normally a Wright Eclipse Gemini|
|Peak vehicle requirement||19|
|Start||Outer Circle of Birmingham|
|Length||27 mile (43 km)|
|Level||Daytime 05:00 - 00:00 7 days a week|
|Frequency||every 8-10 minutes Mon-Sat daytimes, . . . . 15 mins Sun daytime, 20 mins evenings|
|Journey time||2hrs and 20 minutes|
The Birmingham Outer Circle is a roughly circular, 27 mile (43 km) bus route in Birmingham, England (a small section crosses into Sandwell). It follows the city's outer ring road, the A4040 road with some small deviations.
Buses on the Outer Circle travel both clockwise (service 11C) and anti-clockwise (11A). Operated by National Express West Midlands usually with new Wrightbus Volvo double decker buses. The number 11 is Europe's longest urban bus route and first came into existence in 1923. The route passes such landmarks as Cadbury in Bournville, one of the world's largest chocolate factory. The service is run commercially.
A full circuit takes 2hrs and 20 minutes to complete, and the service carries 50,000 passengers each day. There are 272 bus stops. The route serves 233 schools, colleges or university|universities, 69 leisure and community facilities, 40 pubs, 19 retail centres and 6 hospitals. It also links some 15 commercial centres.
The route is also traversed, annually, by a cavalcade of vintage buses.
The number 11 first came into existence as two routes in 1923: the no.10 ran from King's Heath to the King's Head (Hagley Road) via Cotteridge, and the no.11 from Six Ways Erdington to Acocks Green and Moseley. The route was first operated as a complete circuit on 26 April 1926, the idea being to better link the suburbs of Birmingham, as most routes at that time travelled in and out of the city.
The route was operated by Birmingham City Transport until the formation of WMPTE in 1969. In 1986 WMPTE's bus operations were taken over by West Midlands Travel who now operate as National Express West Midlands.
The A and C sufixes were introduced in 1975.
(Clockwise from the A34 road, in the North of the city.)
- Perry Barr
- Witton (for Aston Villa)
- Ward End
- Swan Shopping Centre at South Yardley, where the route crosses the A45 road from Birmingham to the National Exhibition Centre and Birmingham International Airport (UK)
- Acocks Green (Passing Acocks Green Bus Garage)
- Hall Green (for Sarehole Mill)
- Billesley (Outskirts)
- Kings Heath
- Bournville (for Cadbury World)
- Selly Oak (for University of Birmingham and Selly Oak Hospital)
- Bearwood (in Sandwell)
- Winson Green (for Birmingham (HM Prison) and Winson Green Outer Circle tram stop on the Midland Metro)
In pop culture
The Birmingham band Woodbine (band) eponymous 1999 album features the track "Outer Circle", a tribute to the bus route.
- Birmingham City Council page about upgrading the route
- Kings Heath to Kings Heath in Five Minutes - a film of the complete outer circle bus route