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|Franchise(s):||West Midlands |
11 November 2007 – 10 December 2017
|Main region(s):||West Midlands, London|
|Other region(s):||West of England, East Midlands|
|Fleet size:||157 (soon to be 191) |
|Stations called at:||146 |
|National Rail abbreviation:||LM|
|Parent company:||Govia (Go-Ahead Group / Keolis)|
London Midland was the name of a train operating company in the United Kingdom. Legally named London and Birmingham Railway Ltd. , it was a subsidiary of Govia, and operated the West Midlands Franchise from 11 November 2007 until 10 December 2017.
Their services operated primarily on the West Coast Main Line from London Euston and in the West Midlands region, replacing previous operators Central Trains and Silverlink (both subsidiaries of the National Express Group). Services were then taken over by West Midlands Trains on 10 December 2017.
London Midland's services were divided between two sub-brands, London Midland Express and London Midland City.
London Midland Express
This sub-brand was used primarily for semi-fast services on the West Coast Main Line (WCML).
- Birmingham New Street – Liverpool Lime Street (plus one service a day to Preston)
- London Euston - Northampton - Birmingham New Street
- London Euston - Crewe
- London Euston – Liverpool Lime Street (one direct service per day).
The first route is a former Central Citylink service. The second route is the former Silverlink County route (although latterly the services between Northampton and Birmingham have been run jointly with Central Trains. The third service is a new semi-fast service, which will replace current Virgin Trains services from December 2008. This will coincide with the number of Virgin Trains services calling at stations on the Trent Valley Line (and other parts of the WCML) being reduced. The fourth route is an extension of the third route (once a day).
The brand will also be used for two former Silverlink County services on branches off the WCML, namely the Marston Vale Line (from Bletchley to Bedford) and the St Albans Branch Line (from Watford Junction to St Albans Abbey). It is a requirement of the franchise that Transport for London's Oyster Cards can be used on trains between London and Watford Junction. In the past, TfL have expressed interest in taking over the St Albans branch, and installing Oyster Card readers on the stations along it; however this route was included with London Midland's franchise.
London Midland City
This sub-brand was used for local and commuter services around the Birmingham / Coventry Area, sponsored by Centro/ Network West Midlands, that were previously run by Central Trains. These services were:
- Birmingham New Street – Northampton
- Birmingham New Street – Wolverhampton
- Lichfield – Birmingham New Street - Redditch (the Cross-City Line)
- Birmingham New Street - Walsall - Stafford (the Chase Line)
- Birmingham New Street – Shrewsbury
- Birmingham New Street – Hereford via Bromsgrove
- Worcester - Birmingham Snow Hill – Leamington Spa / Stratford-upon-Avon (the Snow Hill Lines)
- Stourbridge Junction – Stourbridge Town (the Stourbridge Branch Line)
- Coventry – Nuneaton
- Walsall - Wolverhampton
London Midland operated several "limited stop" stations, where only a handful of trains a day stop:
These include :
- Hartlebury; six trains a day Monday-Saturday, peak only, no Sunday service.
- Bordesley, one train per day Monday-Friday (a parliamentary train), football specials on Saturday, no Sunday service.
The first performance figures for London Midland to be released by the ORR for the second half of the third quarter of the financial year 2007/8 are 85.4% PPM.
Fleet at end of franchise
London Midland’s fleet was composed of rolling stock inherited from Silverlink and Central Trains. They planned to improve the reliability and interior design the existing Class 153 and Class 170 trains, and install passenger information systems and CCTV on the majority of the fleet. They also intend to use automatic load-monitoring systems to measure how heavily their services are used, for the purpose of alleviating over-crowding.
As of 12 November 2007 there were already several units operating in the new livery and re-furbished green interior, but all of the Class 170 "Turbostar" units on the Wolverhampton to Shrewsbury line and the Class 150 "Sprinter" units still carried their original liveries. The 150s in fact, do not have any branding any more. When Govia took over, they were more intent with removing "Central Trains" from units, than applying their name.
|Class||Image||Type||Cars per set||Top speed||Number||Routes operated||Built|
|Class 150/0 Sprinter||100px||diesel multiple unit||3||75||120||2||Snow Hill Lines||1984|
|Class 150/1 Sprinter||diesel multiple unit||2/3||75||120||14 3 car
10 2 car
|Snow Hill Lines
Bedford - Bletchley
|Class 150/2 Sprinter||100px||diesel multiple unit||2||75||120||2||Snow Hill Lines||1985-1987|
|Class 153 Super Sprinter||diesel multiple unit||1||75||120||10||Stourbridge Branch Line
Strengthening of any diesel services
Coventry - Nuneaton
|1987 - 1988|
|Class 170 Turbostar||100px||diesel multiple unit||2/3||100||160||17 2 car
6 3 car
|Hereford - Birmingham
Birmingham - Shrewsbury
Birmingham to Stafford via Walsall
|1999 – 2002|
|Class 321/4||100px||electric multiple unit||4||100||160||37||Birmingham - Northampton
Birmingham International - Walsall
London - Milton Keynes
|1989 – 1990|
|Class 323||110px||electric multiple unit||3||90||145||26||Lichfield - Redditch (The Cross City Line)
Walsall - Birmingham
Wolverhampton - Birmingham
|Class 350/1 Desiro||electric multiple unit||4||100||160||30||Liverpool - Birmingham
Northampton - Birmingham
London - Birmingham/Crewe
|2004 - 2005|
As part of its franchise agreement, London Midland is committed to a major programme of new rolling stock. In its initial plan, it announced that it would bring into service an additional 37 Class 350 units from Siemens which it plans to use in replacing its Class 321s. After beginning its operations, London Midland announced two further orders, with fifteen 3-car and twelve 2-car Class 172 Turbostar units ordered from Bombardier Transportation, together with a pair of Class 139 railcars from Parry People Movers for use on the Stourbridge line. When the two Class 139's enter service on the Stourbridge town line, the current Class 153 will be moved to the Bedford - Bletchley line. These will replace Class 150s on this route; the remainder of London Midland's Class 150s will be replaced like for like by the Class 172s. Under the government's rolling stock plan, the Class 150s will be cascaded to other TOC's.
|Class||Type||Cars per set||Number||Introduced||Notes|
diesel multiple unit
|1||2||2008||Will replace the existing Class 153 DMU on the Stourbridge Town line by the end of 2008|
|Class 172/2 Turbostar||diesel multiple unit||2||12||2010||Will replace the existing Class 150|
|Class 172/3 Turbostar||diesel multiple unit||3||15||2010||Will replace the existing Class 150|
|Class 323||Electric multiple unit||3||17||2014||Cascaded from Northern to complement the existing 323's to create a uniform fleet and to help the Cross-City service become a complete 6-car service|
|Class 350/2 Desiro||electric multiple unit||4||37||2008||Will replace Class 321|
- See fleet table
- London Midland Website Accessed 12 September 2007
- WebCHeck - Select and Access Company Information
- London Midland Plans: Sub-brands 25 October 2007
- alwaystouchout.com - London Rail Authority
- London Midland's route map and timetables
- ORR statistics
|Operator of West Midlands franchise
2007 - 2017
West Midlands Trains
North London Railways franchise