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Harrow & Wealdstone
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File:Harrow & Wealdstone main building.JPG

Station entrance

LocationWealdstone
Local authorityLondon Borough of Harrow
Managed byLondon Underground[1]
OwnerNetwork Rail
Station codeHRW
Number of platforms6
AccessibleHandicapped/disabled access [2]
Fare zone5

London Underground annual entry and exit
20054.141 million[3]
20064.514 million[4]
20075.055 million[5]
20084.310 million[6]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2004–051.425 million[7]
2005–061.517 million[7]
2006–072.016 million[7]
2007–081.306 million[7]

1837Opened (L&BR)
1890Opened Stanmore branch (L&NwR)
1917Started (Bakerloo line)
1952Train crash
1964Closed Stanmore branch (BR)
1982Ended (Bakerloo line)
1984Restarted as terminus (Bakerloo line)

Lists of stations*DLR
External links*Departures
  • Layout
  • Facilities
  • Buses
  • Template:Portal-inline
    Template:Portal-inlineCoordinates: 51°35′33″N 0°20′08″W / 51.5925°N 0.3355°W / 51.5925; -0.3355

    Harrow & Wealdstone is a London Underground station in Wealdstone, Greater London. It is served by London Overground, London Midland, Southern and London Underground Bakerloo Line services. The next stop southbound on the Bakerloo Line is Kenton. The station is located at the southern end of High Street, Wealdstone at the end-on junction with "The Bridge". It is the site of a serious rail crash which occurred in 1952 killing 112 people.

    HistoryEdit

    The station was opened by the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR) as Harrow on 20 July 1837 in what was then rural Middlesex.[8] At the time the station was built, the area was fields and the nearest large settlement was at Harrow on the Hill about 1.5 miles to the south. Wealdstone was a collection of houses at the north end of what is now Wealdstone High Street, about 1 mile north of the station. The station buildings on the south-west (Harrow) side of the station are the older part of the station, located beside what were the fast lines until the platforms were used for the later Euston to Watford DC Line and the main line tracks were re-routed through the previous slow line platforms and newer platforms to the North-West; a newer station building was also erected on the Wealdstone side of the station. The station footbridge was originally constructed with a full-height central barrier with passengers using the "London" side and railway and postal staff using the "Country" side to move goods and mails via lifts which were removed in the early 1970s leaving two parcels elevators serving the DC line platforms for the remaining postal traffic.

    On 18 December 1890, a short branch line was opened by the London & North Western Railway (LNWR, successor to the L&BR) to Belmont and Stanmore to the north-east of the main line. Services to Belmont on the train known affectionately as the "Belmont Rattler".

    By the end of the 19th century Wealdstone had developed in size and the station was given its current name on 1 May 1897 to more accurately reflect its location.[8]

    On 16 April 1917, Bakerloo Line services were extended from Willesden Junction to Watford Junction running on the newly electrified local tracks (the "New Lines", which were originally steam-worked) and calling at Harrow & Wealdstone from that date.[9]

    On 15 September 1952, the passenger service to Stanmore Village was withdrawn.

    On 8 October 1952, the station was the site of a serious train crash in which 112 people were killed and 340 were injured when a Scottish express train collided with the rear of a local train stopped at platform 4. Seconds later a northbound express hauled by two locomotives collided with the wreckage causing further injury and demolished one span of the footbridge and the northern end of platforms 2 and 3. A memorial plaque was placed above the main entrance on the eastern side of the station to mark the 50th anniversary in 2002.

    File:Oerlikon electric train at Harrow and Wealdstone.jpg

    During the early 1960s, as part of the West Coast Main Line electrification, the bridge carrying the A409 road (The Bridge/Station Approach) over the railway was rebuilt easing the previous severe road gradients and offering higher clearance over the tracks to allow for overhead cabling.

    On 6 July 1964, passenger services on the branch line to Belmont station were withdrawn as part of the cuts of the Beeching Axe. The track south of Harrow and Wealdstone station was removed but the disused platform 7 on the eastern side of the station was left in place as a siding for a further few years until it too was removed.

    On 24 September 1982, Bakerloo Line services to Harrow & Wealdstone ended when services north of Stonebridge Park were ended.[9] The closure was short-lived, and the Bakerloo Line to Harrow & Wealdstone was reinstated on 4 June 1984 with the station acting as the terminus.[9]

    In the 1990s major reconstruction of local roads made to by-pass High Street, Wealdstone sent a new road (Ellen Webb Drive) through what remained of the station yard and part of the forecourt of the eastern entrance to the station.

    The station todayEdit

    File:Harrowandwealdstone2.jpg

    The station has undergone several improvements in recent years, with the footbridge improved by removal of the central barrier to allow use of the full width, new lifts for the use of disabled persons, and newly painted and brightly illuminated waiting rooms. In recent years the two-track reversing sidings (used for turning Bakerloo Line trains) located between the tracks of the DC line at the northern end side of the station have been replaced by a single siding and the curve at the down end of the platform eased.

    The station footbridge links both entrances and all platforms.

    Ticket barriers have been installed to both entrances.

    Service patterns from 13th December 2009

    On Sundays, it is:

    Fast trains pass through platforms 3 and 4, which are usually not for customer use. Southern services towards Clapham Junction run fast to Wembley Central. However, due to a certain rule in the Virgin Trains contract, 'moderation of competition', customers aren't allowed to leave the train there and continue to Shepherd's Bush for Westfield London.

    Transport connectionsEdit

    Bus routes 140 (24 hour), 182, 186, 258, 340, H9, H10 and night bus route N18 serve various stops beside or near the station. All the buses that serve the station also serve Harrow on the Hill station but not all as direct services.

    The station has one car park, located at the back of the station. It is best to be picked up here by car - the front entrance leads directly to the main road and the slip road is often full of booked taxis.

    ReferencesEdit

    External linksEdit

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    National Rail National Rail
    Watford Junction   Southern
    Milton Keynes - East Croydon
      Wembley Central
    Bushey   London Midland
    West Coast Main Line
      London Euston
    Disused railways

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    National Rail National Rail
    Terminus   British Railways
    Stanmore branch
      Belmont
        Future services    

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    de:Bahnhof Harrow & Wealdstone fa:ایستگاه هارو و یلدستون fr:Harrow & Wealdstone (métro de Londres) gan:夏婁沃茲端站 nl:Station Harrow & Wealdstone no:Harrow & Wealdstone stasjon pl:Harrow & Wealdstone simple:Harrow & Wealdstone station

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