|Template:R-I Template:R-I Template:R-I Template:R-I|
| File:Fenchurch street station.jpg |
Entrance to Fenchurch Place
|Local authority||City of London|
|Managed by||Network Rail|
|Number of platforms||4|
Liverpool Street (NR)
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|2004–05||11px 16.086 million|
|2005–06||11px 15.746 million|
|2006–07||11px 15.189 million|
|2007–08||11px 15.976 million|
|2009–10||11px 15.093 million|
|Lists of stations||*DLR|
Fenchurch Street railway station, also known as London Fenchurch Street, is a central London railway terminus in the south eastern corner of the City of London close to the Tower of London and two miles (3.2 km) east of Charing Cross. The station is one of the smallest terminals in London in terms of platforms and one of the most intensively operated. Uniquely, it does not have a direct link to the London Underground, but a second entrance at Crosswall (also known as the Tower entrance) is near to Tower Hill tube station and Tower Gateway DLR station, and Aldgate tube station is also nearby. It is one of eighteen UK railway stations managed by Network Rail.
The station facade is of grey stock brick and has a rounded gable roof. In the 1870s a flat awning over the entrance was replaced with the zig-zag canopy seen today. Above, the first floor facade has 11 round-arched windows, and above these is the station clock, which has been returned to working order in recent years. The station has four platforms arranged on two islands elevated on a viaduct. The station operates at capacity, especially during peak hours, thus making it impossible for another rail operator to serve Fenchurch Street. To avoid overcrowding of the station, trains arriving during the morning peak period use alternate island platforms whenever possible. Office blocks (including the 15 floor One America Square) have been built above the station platforms in two places with only one short section of canopied platform and another short section of exposed platform. The station has two exits; a main entrance to Fenchurch Place and another with access to Tower Hill Underground Station. The main station concourse is arranged on two levels connected by stairs, escalators and lifts. There is a ticket office and automatic ticket barriers at each entrance and retail outlets located on both levels of the station.
The station was the first to be constructed inside the City; the original station was designed by William Tite and was opened on 20 July 1841 for the London and Blackwall Railway (L&BR), replacing a nearby terminus at Minories that had opened in July 1840. The station was rebuilt in 1854, following a design by George Berkley, adding a vaulted roof and the main facade. The station became the London terminus of the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (LT&SR) in 1858; additionally, from 1850 until the opening of Broad Street station in 1865 it was also the City terminus of the North London Railway. The Great Eastern Railway (GER) also used the station as an alternative to an increasingly overcrowded Liverpool Street station for the last part of the 19th and first half of the 20th century over the routes of the former Eastern Counties Railway. The L&BR effectively closed in 1926 after the cessation of passenger services east of Stepney. When the former Eastern Counties lines transferred to the Central line in 1948 the LT&SR became the sole user of the station.
Connection to the UndergroundEdit
In the 1970s Fenchurch Street was considered an integral part of the proposed Fleet Line. This would have brought it into the London Underground network. An extension from the end of the existing track terminus at Charing Cross to Fenchurch Street via Aldwych and Ludgate Circus would then have seen the line go on to a destination in East London, most probably via a new station at St Katharine Docks. Political wrangling delayed the extension, despite being considered the highest priority transport project in the city, and when in 1999 the extension was finally completed as part of the Jubilee Line the route did not go through Fenchurch Street, but instead went south of the River before cutting back northwards at North Greenwich. Fenchurch Street remains isolated from the London Underground network, although within close walking distance of Tower Hill tube station. The station is served by London bus route 40.
As of 2006, Fenchurch Street is served by c2c, with services to east London and south Essex which call at stations including West Ham, Barking, Upminster, Basildon, Benfleet, Chafford Hundred (for Lakeside Shopping Centre), Grays, Tilbury, Southend and Shoeburyness. The typical off peak service consists of eight trains per hour (tph) arriving and departing Fenchurch Street:
|2||Shoeburyness||via Basildon||not stopping at Limehouse, West Horndon or Pitsea|
|2||Shoeburyness||via Basildon||all stations|
|2||Southend Central||via Ockendon||all stations|
|2||Grays||via Rainham||all stations|
During peak periods services are increased to approximately 20 trains per hour with some trains operating between Laindon and London while others run non-stop to and from Benfleet.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
London, Tilbury & Southend Line
- Fenchurch Street is one of the four stations featured in the standard UK edition of the game of Monopoly.
- The character Fenchurch in Douglas Adams' So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish was named after Fenchurch Street station, where she was conceived in the ticket queue.
- The name of the clothing brand Fenchurch is derived from the station.
- In Jerome K. Jerome's novel Three Men on the Bummel, the characters start their journey in Fenchurch Street station.
- ↑ Template:Citation London station interchange May 2010
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Template:Citation ORR rail usage data
- ↑ Stations Run by Network Rail. Network Rail. Retrieved on 2009-08-23.
- ↑ Station Codes. National Rail. Retrieved on 2009-08-23.
- ↑ Stations managed by Network Rail, Network Rail, retrieved 2005-04-01.
- ↑ NetworkRail.co.uk – Fenchurch Street
- ↑ Economic influences on growth: Local transport. A History of the County of Essex: Volume 5 (1966). Retrieved on 2008-03-19.
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