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Template:Color box Emirates Air Line
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The Emirates Air Line logo

Overview
TypeGondola lift
StatusOpen
LocaleGreenwich/Docklands, London, United Kingdom
TerminiGreenwich Peninsula (west)
Royal Docks (east)
Stations2
Services1
Daily ridership3,570[1]
WebsiteTemplate:Url
Operation
Opened28 June 2012[2]
Operator(s)Transport for London
CharacterElevated
Technical
Line length1 km (Template:Convert/mi)
ElectrificationElectric motor powering cable bullwheel
Operating speed6 m/s
Highest elevationCategory:Aldwych Branch The Short Streach Of Line Between Holborn And Aldwych Was Closed In 1994.The Line Was Due To be extended to Waterloo but never was.There will be a bit of Aldwych In My Website when added
Route map
Template:Emirates Air Line

This route map:  view  talk  edit 

The Emirates Air Line (also known as the Thames cable car) is a gondola lift link across the River Thames in London built by Doppelmayr with sponsorship from the airline Emirates. The service opened on 28 June 2012 and is operated by Transport for London.[3][4][5][6][7] It has an average ridership of 31,601 passenger journeys a week and is used by four regular commuters[8].

The service, announced in July 2010 and estimated to cost £60 million, comprises a Template:Convert/LoffAoffDbSon gondola line that crosses the Thames from the Greenwich Peninsula to the Royal Docks. Construction began in August 2011.[9] The cable car is based on Monocable Detachable Gondola (MDG) technology, a system which uses a single cable for both propulsion and support, such as that used on the metrocable in Medellín, Colombia. The MDG system is reportedly cheaper and quicker to install than a more complex three-cable system which would allow for larger-capacity cars.[10]

History[]

On 4 July 2010, Transport for London (TfL) announced plans to develop a cable car crossing over the River Thames. It is the first urban cable car in the United Kingdom. Designed by Wilkinson Eyre Architects, Expedition Engineering and Buro Happold, it crosses the river at a height up to Template:Convert/m, higher than that of the nearby O2 Arena. The cable car provides a crossing every 15 seconds, carrying up to 2,500 passengers per hour in each direction, equivalent to the capacity of 50 bus trips per hour.[11] The cable car can also convey bicycles. Passengers are able to use Oyster cards to pay for their journeys.[12]

File:Emirates Air Line towers 24 May 2012.jpg

The three pylons, seen from north of the River Thames

A planning application was submitted to the London Borough of Newham in October 2010 for the "erection of a cable car for the length of Template:Convert/m over the River Thames from North Woolwich Peninsula to Royal Victoria Dock at a minimum clearance of Template:Convert/m above mean high water springs".[13] The application listed the structures planned for the service on the north side of the Thames as an Template:Convert/m north main tower at Clyde Wharf, a Template:Convert/m north intermediate tower south of the Docklands Light Railway tracks roughly mid-way between Canning Town and West Silvertown stations, a two-storey gondola station and "boat impact protection" in Royal Victoria Dock.[13] South of the river there is a Template:Convert/m main support tower and a boarding station within the O2 Arena car park.

When the project was announced, TfL initially budgeted that it would cost £25 million and announced this would be entirely funded by private finance.[12] This figure was revised to £45 million, and by September 2011 the budget had more than doubled to £60 million, reportedly because TfL had not taken account of the costs of legal advice, project management, land acquisition and other costs.[citation needed] TfL planned to make up the shortfall by paying for the project out of the London Rail budget, applying for funding from the European Regional Development Fund and seeking commercial sponsorship.[14] €9.7m of ERDF support out of an estimated €65.56m total budget was agreed on 9 July 2012[15]

In January 2011, News International was planning to sponsor the project but subsequently withdrew its offer.[16] In October 2011, it was announced that the Dubai-based airline Emirates would provide £36 million in a 10-year sponsorship deal which included branding of the cable car service with the airline's name.[3]

File:Cross-Thames gondola station - geograph.org.uk - 2799842.jpg

The north-eastern terminal under construction beside Royal Victoria Dock, February 2012

Construction began in August 2011 with Mace as the lead contractor.[17] Mace built the cable car for £45 million and will operate it for the first three years for a further £5.5 million. TfL stated that the initial construction funding and Emirates sponsorship will cover £36 million of the cost; the rest will be funded from fares.[3] The cable car is the most expensive cable system ever built.[10]

File:Emirates Air Line gondolas 24 May 2012.jpg

Two gondolas approaching the north intermediate tower

In May 2012, TfL said that the cable car would be ready for people to use by the summer of 2012, and that while there were originally no plans to have it open before the 2012 Olympic Games, there would be plans in place in case it was opened in time.[18] The public opening took place at 12 noon BST on 28 June 2012.[7][19] TfL reports that the total cost of the project was about £60 million of which £45 million went towards construction. It estimates that the service can carry 2,500 people per hour.[20]

There are 36 passenger gondolas, of which 34 are in use at any one time, with a maximum capacity of 10 passengers each.[21] There are also two (open air) engineers' gondolas for use by maintenance staff.

Branding[]

File:Emirates Air Line Cable Car.JPG

View from a car towards ExCeL

The Emirates Air Line route was introduced onto the London Tube map in June 2012. It is the first sponsor to feature a company logo on the map. Similar to the presentation of the Docklands Light Railway, the cable car is represented on the map as a triple red stripe rather than a solid line, to distinguish it from London Underground lines.[22] The official logo is a red cartouche shape containing the Emirates logo and the TfL roundel, to reflect the corporate sponsorship by the airline. As with the marketing of the London Eye, the transit of the cable car is referred to as a "flight"[citation needed] and marketing literature borrows language from the airline industry, such as referring to tickets as "boarding passes".[23]

The wraps were designed by Brighton based advertising agency, Studio Am.[citation needed] Each cable car represents a different destination that Emirates flies to, with the graphics based on abstract photography to depict the different cities.[citation needed]

Fares[]

From opening, the fares are £4.30 for a single boarding pass, or £3.20 when paid with an Oyster card. Travelcards are not valid on the service.[24] While the cable car is not fully integrated into TfL's ticketing system, discounts are offered to Oyster and Travelcard users in a similar arrangement to the ticketing system on London River Services.[25] To encourage use of the service for commuting, further discounts are offered with a "frequent flyer" ticket available which allows 10 journeys within a 12 month period. The London Assembly and the Liberal Democrats have called for full fare integration.[24][26]

Cash single fare Oyster or Travelcard user "Frequent flyer"
Adult £4.30 £3.20 £16.00
Child £2.20 £1.60 n/a

Stations[]

Royal Docks[]

The eastern end of the cable car line (51°30′28″N 0°01′04″E / 51.5077°N 0.0178°E / 51.5077; 0.0178 (Emirates Air Line (Royal Docks terminus))) is at the Royal Docks, home to the ExCeL Centre, which hosted a number of martial arts, boxing and weightlifting events during the 2012 London Olympics. The closest interchange to the Docklands Light Railway is at Royal Victoria station.

Greenwich Peninsula[]

The western end of the cable car line (51°29′59″N 0°00′30″E / 51.4998°N 0.0083°E / 51.4998; 0.0083 (Emirates Air Line (Greenwich terminus))) is within walking distance of The O2, the venue for artistic gymnastics and basketball events of the 2012 Olympics. The closest interchange with the London Underground is at North Greenwich. The nearest London River Services is at North Greenwich Pier.

Usage data[]

As of 9 February 2013 there have been 1,815,212 passenger journeys since opening. The average passenger journeys for the period between 16 September 2012 and 9 February 2013 has been a mean of 31,601 a week and a median of 30,667. The highest usage during that period was an outlier of 70,704 for week ending 3 November 2012 and the lowest usage was 14,755 for week ending 2 February 2013. The trend over the period is downwards.[27] The service is used by four regular commuters, who make five or more journeys in a week.[28][29]

Criticisms[]

Critics of the cable car have dismissed it as an impractical solution, which will appeal to tourists at peak times but is unlikely to attract a large number of cross-river locals or commuters due to its location and costs.[30][31] Further criticisms surround the project's £24 million-plus cost to taxpayers, caused by a budget overrun. Boris Johnson, the Mayor of London, had originally said the cost of the scheme would not be underwritten by taxpayers. Advocates of walking and cycling favoured a Sustrans-sponsored plan for a walking and cycling bridge east of Tower Bridge between Rotherhithe and Canary Wharf.[32]

After the Olympics, passenger numbers have been less than 10% of capacity. Less than 1% of journeys made are on regular travel tickets which are designed for commuters.[24]

Template:Update inlineThe scheme has also been criticized because its contract forbids the use of funds from Israel, which the UAE does not recognize diplomatically. “(i) any Competitor; or (ii) any person who is a national of, or who is registered, incorporated, established or whose principal place of business is in a country with which the United Arab Emirates does not at the date of this Contract or at any relevant point during the Term maintain diplomatic relations.'[33]

References[]

  1. Transport for London. Corporate : Modes of Transport : Emirates Air Line : Passenger journeys : Week ending 18 May 2013. Transport for London. Retrieved on 2013-12-21.
  2. Robert Booth (28 June 2012). London cable car offers investor's-eye view of the Thames. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2012-11-17.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Template:Cite news
  4. Template:Cite news
  5. Template:Cite news
  6. Template:Cite news
  7. 7.0 7.1 Template:Cite news
  8. Template:Cite news
  9. Pillars have been built for Thames cable car project to connect Greenwich to Newham. News Shopper.co.uk (8 August 2011). Retrieved on 7 October 2011.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Dale, Steven. Exploring the Thames Cable Car Costs. The Gondola Project. Retrieved on 8 October 2011.
  11. Template:Cite news
  12. 12.0 12.1 Template:Cite news
  13. 13.0 13.1 Planning Application Details (10/02311/FUL). London Borough of Newham (29 October 2010). Retrieved on 3 November 2010.
  14. Template:Cite news
  15. Commissioner Johannes Hahn - Major projects. Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved on 2013-03-26.
  16. Template:Cite news
  17. Thames cable car could be on course for Olympics. Wharf.co.uk (10 August 2011). Retrieved on 8 October 2011.
  18. Template:Cite news
  19. Emirates Air Line. Emirates Air Line. Retrieved on 19 June 2012.
  20. Template:Cite news
  21. Emirates Air Line. Mace. Retrieved on 27 August 2012.
  22. Maps. TfL website. Transport for London. Retrieved on 19 June 2012.
  23. Emirates Air Line | Transport for London. Tfl.gov.uk (2012-05-21). Retrieved on 2013-03-26.
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 Template:Cite news
  25. FAQ. Emirates Air Line website. Retrieved on 19 June 2012.
  26. Martin Hoscik (2012-07-16). London Assembly calls for rethink on cable car fares. Mayorwatch.co.uk. Retrieved on 2012-11-17.
  27. Emirates Air Line: Passenger journeys. Transport for London. Retrieved on 2013-12-21.
  28. Template:Cite news
  29. Template:Cite news
  30. FAQ.
  31. Template:Cite news
  32. ThamesBridgeFeasibilityStudy.pdf. Archived from the original on 2012-01-11.
  33. Cable car sponsorship deal includes anti-Israel clause — MayorWatch

External links[]

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Coordinates: 51°30′10″N 0°00′42″E / 51.50265°N 0.01165°E / 51.50265; 0.01165 (nominal coordinates)

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