|Template:R-I Template:R-I Template:R-I Template:R-I|
| File:Clapham Junction stn north entrance.JPG |
|Local authority||London Borough of Wandsworth|
|Managed by||South West Trains|
|Number of platforms||16|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|2004–05||11px 12.550 million|
|2005–06||11px 12.427 million|
|2006–07||11px 18.868 million|
|- interchange||12.868 million|
|2007–08||11px 18.181 million|
|2008–09||11px 17.508 million|
|- interchange||16.355 million|
|2 March 1863||Opened|
|Lists of stations||*DLR|
Clapham Junction railway station is near St John's Hill in the south-west of Battersea in the London Borough of Wandsworth. Although it is in Battersea, the area around the station is commonly identified as Clapham Junction and the London Plan identified it as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.
Many routes from London's two busiest termini, London Waterloo and Victoria, funnel through the station making it one of the busiest in Europe by number of trains using it, more than one hundred an hour outside peak periods.
Before the railway came the area was rural and specialised in growing lavender; Lavender Hill is to the east of the station. The coach road from London to Guildford ran slightly south of the future station site, past The Falcon public house at the crossroads in the valley between St. John's Hill and Lavender Hill.
On 21 May 1838 the London and Southampton Railway, which became the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) that day, opened its line from Nine Elms as far as Woking. That was the first railway through the area but it had no station at the present site.
The second line, initially from Nine Elms to Richmond, opened on 27 July 1846. Nine Elms was replaced in 1848 as the terminus by Waterloo Bridge station, now Waterloo. The line to Victoria opened by 1860. Clapham Junction station opened on 2 March 1863, a joint venture of the L&SWR, the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR) and the West London Extension Railway (WLER) as an interchange station for their lines.
When the station was built Battersea was regarded as a poor district while Clapham, a mile east, was more fashionable. The railway companies, to attract a middle and upper class clientele, adopted the grander of the two names, leading to a long-lasting misunderstanding that the station is in Clapham. A local action group, Love Battersea, was belatedly formed in 2005 to reduce the misapprehension.
Additional station buildings were erected in 1874 and 1876.
The station brought development to the surrounding area whose population rose from 6,000 in 1840 to 168,000 by 1910.
Template:Clapham Junction lines Each day about 2,000 trains, most stopping, pass through the station, more than through any other station in Europe. At peak times 180 trains per hour pass through of which 117 stop. It is not the busiest station by number of passengers, most of whom (about 430,000 on a weekday, of which 135,000 are at rush hours) pass through. Interchanges make some forty per cent of the activity and on that basis too it is the busiest station in the UK.
The main entrance, at the south from St. John's Hill, leads into a subway some 15 ft (4.6 m) wide which connects to the eastern ends of all platforms and to the northern exit on Grant Road which has restricted opening hours. The subway is crowded during rush hours, ticket barriers at the ends are pinch points.
A very wide covered footbridge joins the western ends of all platforms but does not provide entry to or egress from the station. In 2007 Network Rail announced access improvements to be completed in 2009 which included re-opening the Brighton Yard entrance on St John's Hill and installing lifts to the platforms.
The station has limited public toilet facilities; refreshment kiosks in the underpass, on the overpass, and on some platforms; and a small shopping centre in the St. John's Hill entrance.
Template:Refimprove-section Clapham Junction has no London Underground connection, but in 2007 the alignment of the proposed Chelsea-Hackney line possibly reaching Clapham Junction was safeguarded. The possibility of a further extension to the Northern line, once the extension to Battersea has been completed, has also been discussed.
The Secretary of State for Transport announced in February 2009 the allocation of £75m for extending the London Overground East London Line to Clapham Junction, a link which will connect Clapham Junction through Camberwell and Peckham to Highbury and Islington in north-east London. The extension is set to be completed by October 2012.
A planning application from Metro Shopping Fund for a £39.5 million project at the station was withdrawn shortly before Wandsworth Planning Committee was to consider it on 20 May 2009. The plan included a new entrance on St John's Hill, straightened and extended platforms 15-17, more ticketing facilities, an enhancement of current works to give step-free access to all platforms by 2011, a new step-free entrance on Grant Road, and a new 'high street' from St John's Hill to Falcon Road with retail space and an art house cinema. To pay for the rail improvements there would have been two 42-storey residential buildings above the station.
Clapham Junction is overcrowded during rush-hours and improvement is needed. In 2009 a mystery shopper assessment of fabric and environment listed the station in the ten worst category B interchange stations. It is to share a £50m funding for improvements. It was referenced in the review as "upgrade interchange: new entrances & more retail".
Heathrow Airtrack is a proposed rail link from Heathrow Airport running south to the Staines to Windsor Line to provide direct services to London Waterloo, calling at Clapham Junction, and to Reading and to Guildford. Clapham Junction would be an interchange for air passengers changing between Heathrow and Gatwick Airports. If permission is granted, work is forecast to begin in 2010, with rail services operating by 2014.
Clapham rail disaster
- Main article: Clapham Junction rail crash
On the morning of 12 December 1988 two collisions involving three commuter trains occurred slightly south-west of the station. Thirty-five people died and more than 100 were injured.
Typical off-peak service of more than 110 trains an hour comprises:
The station has 17 platforms, numbered 1 to 17 (number 1 is disused), divided in two groups. Platforms 1-6, the northern group, lie a west-southwesterly direction and platforms 7-17, the southern group, are oriented in a southwesterly direction. Sidings leading into railway sheds at the west of the station separate the two groups.
The main service usage at the platforms is:
- 1: The northernmost platform, out of use. The East London Line extension to Clapham Junction might use this platform (October 2012)
- 2: West London Line for Willesden Junction
- 3 and 4: Up Windsor line
- 5 and 6: Down Windsor line
- 7 and 8: A few express trains to Waterloo from the South West mainline
- 9: South West Trains main line destinations
- 10: South West Trains up suburban services coming through Wimbledon; the busiest up platform with 16 trains per hour
- 11: South West Trains down suburban services going through Wimbledon
- 12: Fast trains on the Brighton mainline to Victoria
- 13: Brighton mainline southbound to all destinations. All trains call at East Croydon
- 14: Up suburban services on the Brighton Mainline
- 15: Down Southern suburban services
- 16: West London Line to Milton Keynes Central
- 17: West London Line to East Croydon via Balham and Selhurst
Platforms 11-17 are very curved with very wide gaps between platforms and trains.
The station is named Clapham Junction because it is at the junction of several rail lines. The name is not given to any rail junction near the station which, without end-on intercompany junctions, are:
- Falcon Junction at the south end of the station, where the West London Line (WLL) joins the Brighton Slow Lines
- Ludgate Junction at the eastern end of the Windsor Line platforms to the WLL
- Latchmere SW Junction connecting the WLL to the Windsor lines at Ludgate Junction.
- Latchmere Main Junction connecting the WLL to the Brighton Line at Falcon Junction.
- West London Extension Junction and Junction for Waterloo, relaid for Eurostar empty stock moves from the Windsor Lines to the WLL.
- Pouparts Junction where the low-level and high-level approaches to Victoria split.
- Template:Citation ORR rail usage data
- Mayor of London (February 2008). London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004). Greater London Authority.
- The west London Railway and the W.L.E.R, H.V.Borley & R.W.Kidner, 1981 reprint, The Oakwood Press, Usk Monmouthshire. ISBN 0-85361-174-2
- Love Battersea
- Delta Rail, 2008-09 station usage report, Office of the Rail Regulation website
- Route Plans 2007 - Route 3 - South West Mainline published by Network Rail, 2007 - See page 20
- British Transport Police, London South Area
- £50m revamp for 'worst stations'. BBC News (17 November 2009). Retrieved on 17 November 2009.
- Chris Green & Sir Peter Hall, Better Rail Stations, November 2009
- Network Rail Details
- Short History of Clapham Junction prepared by Wandsworth Council, and from which much of the information in the history section of this entry is sourced
- 1988: 35 dead in Clapham rail collision BBC News report on the 1988 train collisions
- Local news site
- Yes, Clapham Junction is that bad. The sun shone, but the roof still leaks, Zoe Williams, The Guardian 18 November 2009
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