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The Circle line is a London Underground service in a spiralling shape, running from Hammersmith to Edgware Road and then looping once around central London back to Edgware Road. The railway is below ground in the central section and on the loop east of Paddingdon, and, like London's deep-level tube railways, the railway tunnels are just below the surface and of similar size to those on British main lines. Coloured yellow on the tube map, the circle line serves 36 stations, including most of London's main line railway termini. Most of the route and all of the stations are shared with the District, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines. On the Circle line and the Hammersmith & City line combined, over 114 million passenger journeys are made each year.

History[]

The first section opened in 1863 when the Metropolitan Railway opened the world's first underground line between Paddington and Farringdon with wooden carriages and steam locomotives. The same year a select committee report recommended an 'inner circle' of railway lines connecting the London railway termini, and the Metropolitan District Railway (commonly known as the District Railway) was formed to build the southern portion of the line. Due to conflict between the two companies it was October 1884 before the inner circle was completed. The line was electrified in 1905, and in July 1933 the two companies were amalgamated into the London Passenger Transport Board. In 1949 the Circle line appeared as a separate line for the first time on the Tube map. In December 2009 the closed loop around the centre of London on the north side of the River Thames was broken at Edgware Road and extended west to become a spiral serving Hammersmith.

The signalling system is being upgraded and the C Stock trains have been recently been replaced by new 7-car S Stock trains, in a programme scheduled for completion by 2015.

Map[]

Stations[]

Station Zone Local Authority Opened Interchange
Hammersmith 2 Hammersmith and Fulham 13 June 1864 Hammersmith & City Line, Piccadilly Line, District Line
Goldhawk Road 2 Hammersmith and Fulham 1 April 1914 Hammersmith & City Line
Shepherd's Bush Market 2 Hammersmith and Fulham 13 June 1864 Hammersmith & City Line
Wood Lane 2 Hammersmith and Fulham 1 May 1908 Hammersmith & City Line
Latimer Road 2 Kensington and Chelsea 16 December 1868 Hammersmith & City Line
Ladbroke Grove 2 Kensington and Chelsea 13 June 1864 Hammersmith & City Line
Westbourne Park 2 Kensington and Chelsea 1 February 1866 Hammersmith & City Line
Royal Oak 2 Westminster 30 October 1871 Hammersmith & City Line
Paddington 1 Westminster 10 January 1863 Hammersmith & City Line, Bakerloo Line, District Line, Circle Line (anticlockwise loop), Elizabeth Line, National Rail Services
Edgware Road 1 Westminster 10 January 1863 Hammersmith & City Line, District Line, Circle Line (anticlockwise loop)
Baker Street 1 Westminster 10 January 1863 Hammersmith & City Line, Bakerloo Line, Jubilee Line, Metropolitan Line
Great Portland Street 1 Westminster 10 January 1863 Hammersmith & City Line, Metropolitan Line
Euston Square 1 Camden 10 January 1863 Hammersmith & City Line, Metropolitan Line
King's Cross St Pancras 1 Camden 10 January 1863 Hammersmith & City Line, Metropolitan Line, Northern Line, Piccadilly Line, Victoria Line, National Rail Services
Farringdon 1 Islington 10 January 1863 Hammersmith & City Line, Metropolitan Line, Elizabeth Line, National Rail Services
Barbican 1 City of London 23 December 1865 Hammersmith & City Line, Metropolitan Line
Moorgate 1 City of London 23 December 1865 Hammersmith & City Line, Metropolitan Line, Northern Line, National Rail Services
Liverpool Street 1 City of London 11 July 1875 Hammersmith & City Line, Metropolitan Line, Central Line, London Overground, Elizabeth Line, National Rail Services
Aldgate 1 City of London 18 November 1876 Metropolitan Line
Tower Hill 1 Tower Hamlets 25 September 1882 District Line, DLR, River Services
Monument 1 City of London 6 October 1884 District Line, DLR, Northern Line, Central Line, Waterloo & City Line (through the Bank-Monument Interchange)
Cannon Street 1 City of London 6 October 1884 District Line, National Rail Services
Mansion House 1 City of London 3 July 1871 District Line
Blackfrairs 1 City of London 30 May 1870 District Line, National Rail Services
Temple 1 Westminster 30 May 1870 District Line
Embankment 1 Westminster 30 May 1870 District Line, Bakerloo Line, Northern Line, River Services
Westminster 1 Westminster 24 December 1868 District Line, Jubilee Line, River Services
St James's Park 1 Westminster 24 December 1868 District Line
Victoria 1 Westminster 24 December 1868 District Line, Victoria Line, National Rail Services
Sloane Square 1 Kensington and Chelsea 24 December 1868 District Line
South Kensington 1 Kensington and Chelsea 24 December 1868 District Line, Piccadilly Line
Gloucester Road 1 Kensington and Chelsea 1 October 1868 District Line, Piccadilly Line
High Street Kensington 1 Kensington and Chelsea 1 October 1868 District Line
Notting Hill Gate 1/2 Kensington and Chelsea 1 October 1868 District Line, Central Line
Bayswater 1 Westminster 1 October 1868 District Line
Paddington 1 Westminster 1 October 1868 Hammersmith & City Line, Bakerloo Line, District Line, Circle Line (clockwise loop to Hammersmith), Elizabeth Line, National Rail Services

References[]

See also[]

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