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Charing Cross
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File:Charingcross-eye s.jpg

Approach tracks cross River Thames

LocationCharing Cross
Local authorityCity of Westminster
Managed byNetwork Rail
Station codeCHX
Number of platforms6
Fare zone1

National Rail annual entry and exit
2004–0511px 28.822 million[1]
2005–0611px 28.562 million[1]
2006–0711px 34.779 million[1]
2007–0811px 36.294 million[1]
2008–0911px 37.105 million[1]
2009–1011px 36.460 million[1]

1864 (1864)Opened

Lists of stations*DLR
External links*Departures
  • Layout
  • Facilities
  • Buses
  • Template:Portal-inline
    Template:Portal-inlineCoordinates: 51°30′29″N 0°07′30″W / 51.508°N 0.125°W / 51.508; -0.125

    Charing Cross railway station,[2] also known as London Charing Cross,[3] is a central London railway terminus. It is one of 18 stations managed by Network Rail, and trains serving it are operated by Southeastern. It is the fifth busiest rail terminal in London.

    The station takes its name from its location next to the central London road junction of Charing Cross. The front of the station faces The Strand, while at the other end is the northern end of Hungerford Bridge, which is crossed by all trains serving the station. Ticket barriers control access to all platforms, although the bridge entrance has no barriers.

    History Edit

    File:Charing-cross-station-iln-p164-13-feb-1864.jpg
    File:Charing Cross in the 19th century.jpg
    File:Charing Cross Station 02.jpg

    The original station building was built on the site of the Hungerford Market by the South Eastern Railway and opened on 11 January 1864. The station was designed by Sir John Hawkshaw, with a single span wrought iron roof arching over the six platforms on its relatively cramped site. It is built on a brick arched viaduct, the level of the rails above the ground varying from 13 feet at the north-east end to 27 feet at the bridge abutment at the south-east end. A year later the Charing Cross Hotel, designed by Edward Middleton Barry, opened on 15 May 1865 and gave the station an ornate frontage in the French Renaissance style.

    Eleanor CrossEdit

    Contemporary with the Charing Cross Hotel was a replica of the Eleanor Cross in Red Mansfield stone, also designed by Edward Middleton Barry, that was erected in the station forecourt. It was based on the original 13th century Whitehall Cross that had been demolished in 1647. Distances in London are officially measured from the original site of the cross in Whitehall, now the statue of Charles I, and not from this replica cross.

    The condition of the cross deteriorated until it was in such a vulnerable condition that it was placed on the English Heritage At Risk Register in 2008. A ten-month project to repair and restore the cross was completed in August 2010. This work included recreating and attaching almost 100 missing ornamental features including heraldic shields, an angel, pinnacles, crockets and finials; securing weak or fractured masonry with stainless steel pins and rods and re-attaching decorative items which had previously been removed after becoming loose.[4]

    File:Charing Cross Station, London, 1971.jpg

    1905 roof collapseEdit

    Main article: Charing Cross roof collapse

    A 77 foot length of the elegant original roof structure, comprising the two end bays at the south of the station, and part of the western wall collapsed at 3.45pm on 5 December 1905. A gang of men were employed at the time in repairing, glazing and painting the section of roof which fell. Shortly after 3.30pm a loud noise was heard in the roof and it was noticed that one of the main tie rods had broken and was hanging down. Part of the roof began to sag and cracks appeared in the western wall. It was another 12 minutes before the collapse occurred, which enabled trains and platforms to be evacuated and incoming trains to be held back. The roof, girders and debris fell across four passenger trains standing in platforms 3, 4, 5 and 6 and all rail lines were blocked. The part of the western wall which fell crashed through the wall and roof of the neighbouring Royal Avenue Theatre (now the Playhouse Theatre) in Northumberland Avenue which was being reconstructed at the time. Six lives were lost (two workmen on the roof, a W.H. Smith bookstall vendor and three workmen on the Royal Avenue Theatre site).[5]

    At the Board Of Trade Inquiry into the accident doubts were expressed by expert witnesses about the design of the roof, even though the cause of the failure was attributed to a faulty weld in a tie rod. Consequently, the South Eastern and Chatham Railway decided not to repair the roof but to replace it. An enormous travelling timber gantry had to be constructed to take the remainder of the station roof down safely. The replacement was a utilitarian post and girder structure supporting a ridge and furrow roof. The curve of the original roof design can still be seen on the interior brickwork. The station was re-opened on 19 March 1906.

    World War IIEdit

    Following bomb damage in World War II, the hotel received extensive repairs in 1951, ten years after being bombed. In general, this consisted of a whole new set of top floors. The elaborate Mansard roof of the upper floors of the hotel was rebuilt in a plain neo-Georgian white brick.

    Recent eventsEdit

    In 1990 most of the area over the platforms was covered by Embankment Place, a post-modern office and shopping complex designed by Terry Farrell and Partners. This development led to the replacement of almost the whole of the 1906 roof. The rear two spans of this structure - immediately adjacent to the existing concourse roof - were retained as part of an enlarged waiting area. In addition the original retaining side walls of the station which once supported it remain in near complete condition.[6] Most of the Embankment Place complex is currently occupied by PricewaterhouseCoopers.

    Services Edit

    File:Ch cross stn fct 020709 036.jpg
    File:Charing Cross railway station and Hungerford Bridge, London-22April2009.jpg

    Trains run a high frequency service between Charing Cross and London Bridge calling at Waterloo East. As of December 2010 the typical off-peak service from the station is:

    Preceding station National Rail logo.svg National Rail Following station
    Terminus   Southeastern
    South Eastern Main Line
      Waterloo East

    LayoutEdit

    Ground Exit Strand
    Station Building Newsagent, Seating Area, Shops, Ticket gates, Ticket office


    Platforms 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

    20px Southeastern South Eastern Main Line 20px
    Platform 1
    Island Platform
    Platform 2
    20px Southeastern South Eastern Main Line 20px
    20px Southeastern South Eastern Main Line 20px
    Platform 3
    Island Platform
    Platform 4
    20px Southeastern South Eastern Main Line 20px
    20px Southeastern South Eastern Main Line 20px
    Platform 5
    Island Platform
    Platform 6
    20px Southeastern South Eastern Main Line 20px

    Connections Edit

    Template:Railways around South Bank RDT

    Main article: Charing Cross tube station

    Charing Cross is served by two London Underground stations, one at each end: Charing Cross, and Embankment. Originally Embankment was called Charing Cross, while the present Charing Cross was Trafalgar Square (Bakerloo line) and Strand (Northern line) stations, combining under the new name when connected by the new Jubilee Line station in 1979. The change of name acknowledged that Strand and Trafalgar Square were closer to the station than Embankment. Note that additionally, for a short time, the stations were signed as "Charing Cross Embankment" and "Charing Cross Strand". The Jubilee line platforms are no longer served, following the 1999 extension of the line in which it was diverted to Westminster and onwards south of the river Thames.

    References Edit

    External links Edit

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    Template:Major railway stations in Britainde:Bahnhof Charing Cross fr:Gare de Charing Cross it:Stazione di London Charing Cross he:תחנת צ'רינג קרוס ms:Stesen keretapi Charing Cross nl:Station London Charing Cross ja:チャリング・クロス駅 no:Charing Cross stasjon pl:Charing Cross Station ru:Чаринг-Кросс (вокзал) sk:Charing Cross (železničná stanica) sr:Железничка станица Черинг Крос zh:查令十字車站

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