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Bradford Interchange
Bradford Interchange
The car park and entrance
Location
PlaceBradford
Local authorityCity of Bradford
CoordinatesTemplate:Coord/display/inline,title
Grid referenceTemplate:Gbmapscaled
Operations
Station codeBDI
Managed byNorthern Rail and Metro
Platforms in use4 rail
& 29 bus stands
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail
Annual rail passenger usage
2004/05 *  2.401 million
2005/06 *11px 2.483 million
2006/07 *11px 1.515 million
2007/08 *11px 1.517 million
2008/09 *11px 2.248 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTEWest Yorkshire (Metro)
Zone3
History
1850Opened as Bradford Exchange
1973Resited south
1983Renamed as Bradford Interchange
2001Bus station rebuilt
National Rail - UK railway stations
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* Annual passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Bradford Interchange from Office of Rail Regulation statistics.
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Bradford Interchange is a transport interchange in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, which consists of a railway station and combined bus and coach station adjacent. The Interchange, which was designed in 1962, was hailed as a showpiece of European design and was opened in 1971. It is served by the majority of bus services in the city centre along with National Express Coaches, while the railway station, which is one of two in the city centre, is served by Northern Rail and is also the terminus for Grand Central services to Kings Cross railway station.

Layout and facilitiesEdit

File:Bradford Interchange. - geograph.org.uk - 419820.jpg

The main entrance with the taxi rank and car park is on a lower level, while the train platforms and bus/coach stops are on a split upper level, both separate with pedestrian access. Downstairs, in the central concourse, there are a few shops, a newsagent, a cafe and sandwich shop and a fast food outlet on the train platforms, where hot drinks are also available. Toilets are located off the main concourse.

There is also a British Transport Police office and lost luggage desk, provided for passengers' concern and safety at the railway station, with a separate security and lost-luggage unit for bus travellers, on the bus concourse. A smoking ban is observed in all parts of Bradford interchange, and CCTV is also in operation with security officers and police regularly patrolling the station.

The railway station has 4 platforms and a short bay that was previously used for the Red Star parcels facility. Platform 1 has a run-round facility for locomotive hauled trains (mainly freight services). The track layout and associated signalling was remodelled during the course of a week-long engineering blockade from 25 October to 3 November 2008 to permit higher speeds on both routes into the station and also allow trains to approach the station from both Leeds and Halifax simultaneously (something that was not possible with the old track configuration).[1]

Ticket officesEdit

Bradford Interchange has separate bus and train ticket outlets. The bus and Metro office, which also deals with National Express coach enquiries from a separate desk, is located in the central concourse. The train ticket office is next to the pedestrian entrance to the train platforms.

HistoryEdit

File:42072 Bradford Exchange.jpg
File:Bradford exchange 2 train station 1872152 eb1a2f58.jpg
File:Bradford exchange 1 rail station1872170 5d672f8d.jpg
File:Bradford Interchange 1990s.jpg

The original railway station, named Bradford Exchange, was opened by the joint efforts of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway and the Great Northern Railway on 9 May 1850.[2] In 1867, the Leeds, Bradford and Halifax Junction Railway, which had previously used Bradford Adolphus Street, built a link to the tracks into Exchange station to join the two existing companies; Adolphus Street station was then closed to passenger use.[3]

The station was completely rebuilt on the same site in 1880 with ten bay platforms and two arched roofs. Constructed of wrought iron, these rested at the outer sides on plain stone walls and classical corinthian style columns down the middle. Glass covered the middle half and timber (inside)/ slate (outside) covered the outer quarters of each span. The four end screens were glazed in a fan pattern with decorative timber outer edging. The dimensions were a length of Category:Aldwych Branch The Short Streach Of Line Between Holborn And Aldwych Was Closed In 1994.The Line Was Due To be extended to Waterloo but never was.There will be a bit of Aldwych In My Website when added, a width of Category:Aldwych Branch The Short Streach Of Line Between Holborn And Aldwych Was Closed In 1994.The Line Was Due To be extended to Waterloo but never was.There will be a bit of Aldwych In My Website when added for each arch and a height of Category:Aldwych Branch The Short Streach Of Line Between Holborn And Aldwych Was Closed In 1994.The Line Was Due To be extended to Waterloo but never was.There will be a bit of Aldwych In My Website when added, track to apex. The station never had a formal frontage; instead, passengers entered by an opening in the northwest side.

In its 1920s heydey, it served routes to Wakefield Westgate via Ardsley (used by many of the city's through trains to London Kings Cross), Wakefield Kirkgate via Batley and Ossett, Keighley & Halifax via Queensbury, Mirfield via Cleckheaton (the Spen Valley line) and to Leeds via the Pudsey Loop in addition to the current lines. These however had all closed by the end of 1966 - most having fallen victim to the Beeching Axe.

By 1973, the station with its 10 platforms[4] was deemed too large and was again rebuilt, this time on a different site slightly further south. The old Exchange station was demolished soon afterwards and was used for a time as a car park; the site now houses Bradford Crown Court[2] and is due to be developed as a 'Justice Quarter' with new Magistrates' and Coroner's Courts.[5] In 1977, a bus station was built alongside, and, in 1983, the station was renamed Bradford Interchange to link buses and trains in a covered environment. The bus station featured a large ridge and furrow design of overall roof, which was subsequently demolished in 1999 to allow for a rebuilding of the bus station, which was opened in 2001. This was paid for partly by the sale of some adjacent land to the south of the site and some now-surplus land on the old bus station site.[6] During the 1970s and 1980s, the station was considered the mainline station for Bradford with express services to London King's Cross, Trans-Pennine services to Liverpool and Newcastle and summer Saturday services to the South-West. The Inter-city services were moved to Forster Square station in 1992 when the line was electrified. The station also had an adjacent Red Star Parcels terminus but, like most other mainline stations following the privatisation of British Rail, it lost this facility during the 1990s.

ServicesEdit

Bus and coachEdit

Number Operator Start Terminus Notes
X6 First Bradford Here Leeds Bus Station
X11 Leeds or Pudsey
X63 First Huddersfield Huddersfield
67 The Keighley Bus Company Keighley
68
72 First Leeds Leeds Bus Station
253 Arriva Yorkshire Dewsbury
256 First Bradford Brighouse
268 Arriva Yorkshire Dewsbury
268A Wakefield
283 Dewsbury
363 First Huddersfield Huddersfield Sundays only
425 Arriva Yorkshire Wakefield
427
571 Yorkshire Tiger

Calder Cubs

Halifax
576 First Halifax
606 TLC Travel Euroway
607 First Bradford Thornton
608 Holme Wood
610 Queensbury
611 Bradford Moor
614 Shipley Buttershaw
615 Allerton Eldwick
616 Bingley
617 Allerton Holme Wood
618
620 Haworth Road Bierley
621
622 Here Eldwick
623
624
626 Baildon
630 Tyersal
633 Shipley West Bowling
635 Bradford John Street Rooley Lane
636 Here Clayton
637
640 Buttershaw
641
643 Wibsey
644
645 Buttershaw
650 TLC Travel Otley Bus Station
653 One trip each way a day, does not run Sundays
656 Yorkshire Tiger Lucy Hall Drive
658
660 Shipley
675
676 Cottingley
677 Shipley
680 Bradford Royal Infirmary
662 The Keighley Bus Company

The Shuttle

Keighley Bus Station
671 First Bradford West Bowling Thorpe Edge Replaces the 670
681 Here Halifax
682
686 Fagley Brighouse
687 Here
688 Scholes
714 Here Owlcotes Centre
737 Yorkshire Tiger

Flying Tiger

Leeds Bradford Airport
747 Harrogate Bus Station
884 Arriva Yorkshire Dewsbury Malham Sundays only

RailEdit

Operator Start Terminus Stations
Northern York Blackpool North Halifax, Hebden Bridge, Burnley Manchester Road, Accrington, Blackburn, Preston, Poulton Le Flyde
Leeds Manchester Oxford Road Low Moor, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Hebden Bridge, Todmorden, Rochdale, Manchester Victoria, Deansgate
Here Huddersfield Low Moor, Halifax, Brighouse
Grand Central London Kings Cross Low Moor, Halifax, Brighouse, Mirfield, Wakefield Kirkgate, Pontefract Monkhill, Doncaster

Ongoing improvementsEdit

The railway station has not seen significant improvements in many years.

The bus platforms were once more plentiful and originally featured a large 'ridge and furrow' glass roof,[7] but it was demolished in the 1990s, following the sale of some land for an office development. The bus station was completely rebuilt in 2001.

Metro are currently considering improvements to the bus and rail platforms, including better access between facilities and pedestrian access between the bus concourse and the rail platforms, to save walking down and up the escalators.

The information displays were replaced in early 2009,[8] following a modest facelift in autumn 2008, which included new signage and a repaint. In January 2010, automatic ticket barriers were installed by Northern Rail.[9]

Further improvements under the National Station Improvement Plan are proposed, which include refurbished canopies, new flooring, more lighting and CCTV, a new waiting room and extra seating.[10]

Under network rail's 'Northern Hub' development, the reintroduction of services to Liverpool Lime Street and new services to Manchester Airport and Chester have been announced.

Other interchangesEdit

With the option to combine bus and rail transport, Bradford Interchange allows a flexibility in public transport not experienced in many other major Northern cities such as Manchester and Liverpool. Leeds recently tried to combine access to buses and trains with a small dual transport terminal, Leeds Station Interchange, but most buses from Leeds continue to operate from the city's main bus station. The best example of integrated services, at least for the time being, is now Hull Paragon Interchange.

File:Bradford IC.jpg

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Details of Bradford Interchange remodelling work in October and November 08 Accessed 3 November 2008
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bradford Exchange. Subterranea Britannica. Retrieved on 1 August 2009.
  3. Bradford Adolphus Street. Subterranea Britannica. Retrieved on 1 August 2009.
  4. http://www.lostrailwayswestyorkshire.co.uk/Bradford.htm
  5. Template:Cite news
  6. [1]
  7. argus.co.uk
  8. Killner, Will (20 April 2009). 'Voice of the rails' launches £3.3 million passenger information system. Telegraph & Argus. Retrieved on 16 May 2009.
  9. Automatic rail ticket gates at Bradford Interchange. West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive (26 January 2010). Retrieved on 16 October 2011.
  10. Template:Cite news

External linksEdit

Template:West Yorkshire bus stations Template:West Yorkshire railway stations Template:Bradford

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